Contextualising Rural Structure Reforms in North India
Li Wei*(Research Scholar, Department of Social Work, Faculty of Social Sciences, Jamia Millia Islamia University, Delhi, India) and Naimat Ullah Khan(Professor, Department of Social Work, Faculty of Social Sciences, Jamia Millia Islamia University, Delhi, India) *Corresponding author's Email
Wei, Li and Khan, Naimat Ullah (2019), “Contextualising Rural Structure Reforms in North India”, MERC Global’s International Journal of Management, Vol. 7, Special Issue 1, pp. 06-09.
Submitted: February 20, 2019, Revision received: March 20, 2019, Accepted: March 28, 2019
Indian society is basically agricultural and rural based, though there is a trend towards modernism and Urbanism. The census of 2001 establishes that 67 percent of the population of India lives in rural areas and their main source of living is agriculture or agriculture related occupations. Agriculture land is the backbone of the economy of North India but ironically land is not just the means of production and just a form of property. Agriculture is also not a secured form of earning. The government has spent millions of rupees to alleviate property from North Indi, but in spite of all the best efforts the villagers are still backward; there is a lack of modern infrastructure; the banking facilities are unavailable and the internet services are at the doldrums. The lack of medical facilities in the villages of North India is a source of eternal woes of the people. The lack of modern irrigation; uncertain source of income; the insensitive nature of the government has resulted in the suicide of the farmers. The roads in the villages of North India are in bad shape and the youth is moving from pillar to post in search of employment. There are very interesting cultural practices which have agrarian backgrounds. The structural and cultural transformation in the villages and in the cities of North India is supported by many craftsmen and artisans. North India is known for festivals and ceremonies; for the diversity of occupations in rural India. In postal and Education Departments, factory workers earn living through non-agricultural activities. The rural structure of North India and the culture of India are on the verge of destruction. Nobody can deny that there is a dialectical relationship between agriculture and culture. This paper aims at contextualising rural structure reforms in north India.
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